Research Project on Global History of Swiss Diplomacy
The Swiss National Science Foundation (SNFS) supports a new research project of the Institute for European Global Studies at the University of Basel. Coordinated by Prof. Dr. Madeleine Herren-Oesch, three scholars investigate Swiss diplomacy in a global perspective with a focus on the period from 1848 to 1975.
The project aims to contribute in a substantial way to a better understanding of the historical development of international relations from the diplomacy of great powers in the nineteenth century to today’s complex structures of global governance. Introducing and critically investigating the concept of "civil diplomacy", the scholars understand the Swiss case of organizing foreign relations as a paradigm for the formation of modern multifunctional diplomacy.
Compilation of diplomatic documents of Switzerland (prepared by Dominik Matter and Julian Wettengel. Sources: Swiss Federal Archives)
The research design is oriented on recent approaches of diplomacy research and oversteps thinking alongside institutional frames of former aristocratic models of foreign ministries in Europe. The researchers argue that the Swiss case with its democratic and public inclusion of transnational movements and transboundary activities into formal diplomacy offers insights on the question how a small state based on a system of direct democracy interacted with the rules of diplomacy shaped by great powers on a global scale.
Plan of Yokohama in 1889 with the location of the Swiss consulate (Source: Chronicle & Directory for China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Chochin-China, Annam, Tonquin, Siam, Borneo, Straits Settlements, Malay States & C. for the year 1889, Hongkong 1889.)
The project is coordinated by Prof. Dr. Madeleine Herren-Oesch and includes three further scholars: Thomas Bürgisser will coordinate the work on a digital biographical handbook of Swiss diplomacy. Julian Wettengel will investigate the relations between multinational trading firms and Swiss consular services in Asia between 1860 and 1945. Dominik Matter will examine the diplomatic service of Switzerland during the Cold War (1945-1975). An important cooperation partner is the research project "Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland" (www.dodis.ch).